PAISTE’s 2002 is one of the most successful and long-lasting musical instrument brands ever. 2002 cymbals helped define the sound and music of generations of drummers, and for them, the 2002 is a legendary piece of music history.
For us, “2002” has become synonymous with a family of series: the 2002, the Giant Beat and the RUDE. These series are as much celebrated cymbal sounds and icons of music culture, as they are an ongoing quest: the repeated effort to find new sound qualities in a pioneering bronze alloy and the relentless pursuit of cymbal sounds to match trends in music.
The beginnings of the 2002 and its predecessor Giant Beat are intimately related to the early period of Rock music. The story begins sometime in the early 1960s. Up to the 1950s, PAISTE mainly uses Nickel-silver for cymbals. In the late 1950s, the company develops the Formula 602 from traditional 20% Bronze, a cymbal line rooted in Jazz and acoustic Rock’n Roll that exhibits a cool, rich, sophisticated sound character and gains PAISTE its first wave of international notoriety. PAISTE then discovers and experiments with CuSn8 bronze alloy, and pioneers cymbals from the new alloy in the mid 1960s.
Around the same time, the world is experiencing the rapid expansion of Rock music, which emerges forcefully from the foundations of Blues, Rock’n Roll, Folk, and Country as the British Invasion takes the stage with bands like the Rolling Stones, Yardbirds, Animals, Beatles, Kinks and Who. The electrified sound they generate is groundbreaking. Popular music, simply stated, becomes loud and irreverent.|
The new bronze alloy PAISTE is working with turns out to be perfect for the new soundscape with its amplified volume and frequencies. In 1967 PAISTE launches Giant Beat cymbals, which are characterized by warmth, strength and brilliance such as drummers had not known before. Key drummers John Bonham, Nick Mason, Keith Moon and Carl Palmer immediately embrace the new cymbals and thrive on the revolutionary sound.
Around the time of the Giant Beat launch, Rock diversifies into numerous varieties, and branches out into Blues, Folk, Pop, Country and Southern Rock. Artists like Eric Clapton, Bob Dylan, Elton John, Creedence Clearwater Revival, The Eagles, and ZZ Top add depth, color and diversity to the genre, and lay the foundation for the development of the counterculture inspired Psychedelic Rock – championed by Pink Floyd, The Grateful Dead, Jimi Hendrix Experience and Cream.
Emerson Lake & Palmer, Yes, Genesis, King Crimson and Jethro Tull take on ambitious and stylistically diverse directions and craft Progressive Rock. At the same time, Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, Black Sabbath and AC/DC take Rock to new levels of energy and create Hard Rock. Rock and Jazz significantly influence each other, as giants like Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock and Joe Zawinul vigorously pursue the electrification of Jazz.
This causes PAISTE to work on new cymbals to match the revolutionary blend of electrified volume and diversity. A fusion of the design principles of the sophisticated qualities of Formula 602 and the energy and brilliance of the Giant Beat together with the CuSn8 bronze formula proves to be the magical mixture, and the 2002 is inaugurated in 1971. Most of the major Rock drummers of the time flock to the new cymbals and make them part of their sound. Drummers like John Bonham, with his thunderous power and groundbreaking style, or Carl Palmer with his dazzling speed and drumming technique, and Ian Paice with his crisp, tight, and powerful playing style are inspired by and bring out the best in 2002 cymbals.
Throughout the 1970s, Rock’s popularity explodes, draws ever larger crowds, and embraces the diversity created through the 1960s.
Two developments during the 1970s stand out and will have a major influence on PAISTE’s work with cymbals. The first is the explosive growth of Heavy Metal, as pioneered by Judas Priest, Motörhead, Iron Maiden, Scorpions and Van Halen. The second is the counterculture advent of Punk lead by the Ramones, Sex Pistols, The Jam and The Clash. As ideologically diverse as these styles may be, both are characterized by extreme volume, speed and midrange heavy distortion. PAISTE’s answer is the creation of RUDE cymbals, whose raw power and energy stems from their hand hammered, un-lathed uniform thickness design, and naturally, the CuSn8 bronze. Punk and Heavy Metal drummers like Marky Ramone, Rick Buckler, Alex Van Halen, and Bobby Rondinelli gladly welcome RUDE cymbals into their arsenals.
As Rock music approaches the latter 1970s, exploring the stylistic boundaries of Punk and New Wave, two 2002/RUDE drummers stand out, both in terms of success and stylistic influence: Stewart Copeland with his intricate, textured drum work in the context of Police’s stripped down punk-reggae inspired mix, and Larry Mullen jr. with his instinctual yet meticulously orchestrated drumming style in the hugely successful U2, the band that bridges the simplistic vehemence of Punk Rock with the mass appeal of pop.
In the 1980s, Heavy Metal continues to expand its stylistic variety. Speed and Thrash Metal explode onto the scene with the mega bands Anthrax, Slayer, Megadeth and Metallica. PAISTE drummers like Dave Lombardo and Charlie Benante breathtakingly demonstrate that their 2002 and RUDE cymbals effortlessly hold up to the merciless and powerful playing styles that are unleashed on them.
Two Hard Rock acts worth mentioning ascend to immense popularity in the mid 1980s, Guns N’Roses and Bon Jovi, the latter featuring Tico Torres and his steady and energetic drumming.
Further metal developments in the 1980s include Dark, Progressive, Death, Doom, Power, and Industrial Metal. Notable PAISTE drummers emerging during this time period include Scott Rockenfield (Queensrÿche), Steve Asheim (Deicide), Jerry Gaskill (King’s X), Ingo Schwichtenberg (Helloween), Bill Rieflin (Ministry), and Reed St. Mark (Celtic Frost). 2002s and RUDEs are, of course, in their sets.
Alternative and Indie Rock arrive with the 1980s, reviving the roots and traditions of Rock music – not with a unified style but clearly distinct from the mainstream. This major development, rejecting the dominant synthpop of the era, sparks the return of a focus on guitar based sound, and with that the resurgence of acoustic drum sound in mainstream popular music. What follows into the 1990s are dizzying varieties, explosions and integrations of styles, including Grunge, various Punk Revivals and Britpop.
The 1990s give Rock and Metal new directions, as Hip-Hop, Rap and Funk elements penetrate the genres, and bands like Rage Against the Machine, Living Colour, and Red Hot Chilli Peppers go mainstream. The infusion of hip hop, alternative, funk and grunge ingredients into Metal leads to the Nu Metal genre, which brings forth some of the most successful bands of the decade, including Korn, Slipknot, System of a Down, Limp Bizkit, Papa Roach and Linkin Park. PAISTE drummers Joey Jordison, David Silveria, Aaron Montgomery, Brad Wilk and John Dolmayan and their 2002s and RUDEs are prominent performers throughout.
The 1990s are also the first decade of PAISTE’s Signature series, and henceforth many Rock drummers incorporate Signature cymbals in their setups. Nicko McBrain, the inimitable and iconic Iron Maiden drummer, belongs to them, as does Danny Carey with his extensive use of polyrhythmic figures, odd meters and complex time signatures that are characteristic features of the sound of the cult band Tool. Yet their love for the 2002 Family endures, and 2002 and RUDE cymbals remain in their sets.
As time nears the present, most of the veterans of the past decades are still active and the number of significant drummers using 2002 Family cymbals steadily grows: Alex Gonzalez, a loyal RUDE and 2002 player, enjoys phenomenal success with the Latin Rock sensation Maná from the early 1990s, blending virtuous rock drumming with crowd pleasing showmanship. From the mid 1990s, Matt Byrne demonstrates unheard of rigor with his RUDEs in the punk rooted metal core band Hatebreed. In the late 1990s a notable stripped down, back-to-basics rock emerges, dubbed Garage Rock (Revival). PAISTE drummers Meg White and Patrick Carney find ample space to fill with their 2002 cymbals, White Stripes and Black Keys being minimalist duos. The Brazilian cult metal band Sepultura is joined by Eloy Casagrande and his RUDEs in the 2000s, bringing an extraordinary synthesis of musicality and physicality to the stage.
Rock music has undertaken a tremendous exploration of stylistic variety in its first four decades. In the new millennium, the development of Rock becomes an evolutionary period of consolidation and diversification, digesting the revolutions of the past, and resulting in a series of Neos, Posts and Revivals. Still, some major trends for the new millennium are clear enough: Alternative and Indie have become Mainstream. Genres of the late 1990s and early 2000s continue to be performed broadly. Rediscoveries and revivals of 1970s and 1980s bands are prevalent, including reunions and tours. The dominant segments are, roughly: Indie Rock/Pop with its reduction to the essential, minimalist orchestrations and clear influences of past varieties of Rock; Alternative Rock as a creative, continually developing segment, blending elements from varied popular styles; Pop Punk/Rock, as a simplified, smoothed out modern variety of a once raw and anti-establishment rooted genre; and Hard Rock & Heavy Metal revivals of the grandiosely virtuous spectacles of past decades.
In terms of relevance to cymbal sound, Rock music continues to explore and reinvent the textures and dynamics of its origins, as it always has. The rediscovery and reinterpretation of classic forms of Rock music and its sound by a new generation of musicians is widespread and consequently, interest in vintage cymbal sound has risen sharply in recent decades; the overall cymbal sound requirements have become less hard and more refined; there is a notable trend towards bigger and thinner cymbals; and smaller cymbal sets replace the extensive cymbal forests in vogue during the 1980s.
To answer these needs, in 2005 PAISTE re-launches the Giant Beat, bringing back a sound and texture from the very early beginnings of Rock music. In 2016, PAISTE follows up with the launch of the 2002 Big Beat, which borrows design principles from the Vinnie Colaiuta project Formula 602 Modern Essentials to create a modernized yet retrospective 2002 sound. The Big Beat builds on the brilliance, clarity, precision and strength of the 2002 heritage and adds particular warmth, depth and complexity while maintaining excellent manageability and well controllable decay to address the sophisticated requirements of today’s drummers. The multifunctional approach to the Big Beat models is very much in keeping with the stripped down, back to the roots approach that Rock music seems to seek time and again.
PAISTE’s 2002 Family of cymbals has taken a fascinating and breathtaking musical trip across half a century. Today, more so than ever, the Giant Beat, 2002, RUDE and the brand new Big Beat stand ready to continue to make music history.
- This history uses dating that focuses on the formative origins in time regarding artists and music genres rather than their ascent to widespread popularity.
- The article is a historical essay. The mention of artists and bands does not necessarily imply their endorsement of Paiste instruments.
ROCK HISTORY & SELECTED PAISTE ARTISTS
EARLY 1960’S TO MID 1970’S
Surf # British Invasion # Folk Rock # Garage Rock # Psychedelic Rock # Blues Rock # Jazz Rock # Progressive Rock # Pop Rock # Country & Roots Rock # Early Heavy Metal # Southern Rock # Glam Rock # Soft Rock # Hard Rock # Heartland Rock # Instrumental Rock
Andy Parker # UFO
Barriemore Barlow # Jethro Tull
Bill Bruford # Yes, King Crimson
Bobby Elliott # The Hollies
Brian Davison # The Nice
Carl Palmer # ELP, Asia
Clive Bunker # Jethro Tull
Cozy Powell # Jeff Beck, Black Sabbath, Rainbow
Don Henley # Eagles
Doug Clifford # Creedence Clearwater Revival
Frank Beard # ZZ Top
Herman Rarebell # Scorpions
Ian Paice # Deep Purple
John Bonham # Led Zeppelin
John Marshall # Soft Machine
John Wilson # Them
Jon Hiseman # Colosseum
Keef Hartley # John Mayall
Keith Moon # The Who
Kenney Jones # Small Faces, Faces
Leon Ndugu Chancler # Santana
Mel Pritchard # Barclay James Harvest
Michael J. Derosier # Heart
Mick Avory # The Kinks
Nick Mason # Pink Floyd
Paul Thompson # Roxy Music
Phil Rudd # AC/DC
Robert Townsend # Family
Simon Kirke # Bad Co.
MID 1970’S TO MID 1980’S
Punk # Heavy Metal # Post Punk # New Wave # Hardcore (Punk) # Glam Metal # Alternative Rock # Gothic Rock # Speed Metal # Thrash Metal # Dark Metal # Progressive Metal # Death Metal # Doom Metal
Alex Van Halen # Van Halen
Bobby Blotzer # Ratt
Bobby Rondinelli # Rainbow
Charlie Benante # Anthrax
Clive Burr # Iron Maiden
Dave Holland # Judas Priest
Dave Lombardo # Slayer
Dennis Elliott # Foreigner
Eric Carr # Kiss
Grant Young # Soul Asylum
Ian Haugland # Europe
Jerry Gaskill # King’s X
Larry Mullen jr. # U2
Leonard Haze # Y&T
Marky Ramone # Ramones
Nicko McBrain # Iron Maiden
Nigel Glockler # Saxon
Paul Burgess # 10cc
Pete Gill # Motörhead
Pick Withers # Dire Straits
Prairie Prince # The Tubes
Rat Scabies # The Damned
Reed St. Mark # Celtic Frost
Rick Buckler # The Jam
Scott Rockenfield # Queensryche
Stewart Copeland # The Police
Wolfgang Rohde, Vom Ritchie # Toten Hosen
MID 1980’S TO MID 1990’S
Grunge # Emocore # Power Metal # Hard Rock # Madchester # Rap Rock # Post-Hardcore # Industrial Metal # Hip-Hop-Metal # Funk Metal # Rap Rock # Neo Thrash # Symphonic Metal
Alex Gonzalez # Mana
Andy Sturmer # Jellyfish
Aquiles Priester # Angra
Bill Rieflin # Ministry
Bobby Jarzombek # Sebastian Bach
Brad Wilk # Rage Against the Machine, Audioslave
Chris Slade # The Firm, AC/DC
Danny Carey # Tool
Eric Kretz # Stone Temple Pilots
Gas Lipstick # HIM
Ingo Schwichtenberg # Helloween
Jukka Nevalainen # Nightwish
Louis Perez # Los Lobos
Mikkey Dee # King Diamond, Motörhead
Pat Mastelotto # Rembrandts
Scott Columbus # Manowar
Scott Travis # Racer X, Judas Priest
Stephen Van Haestregt # Within Temptation
Steve Asheim # Deicide
Tico Torres # Bon Jovi
MID 1990’S TO MID 2010’S
Britpop # Post-Punk # Emo # Post-Grunge # Nu Metal # Post-Britpop # Garage Rock Revival # Metalcore # Post-Punk Revival # Hard Rock Revival # Metal Revival # Alternative Rock Revival # Indie Rock # Progressive Metal # Neo Prog-Rock
Aaron Montgomery # Trapt
Axel Sjoeberg # Graveyard
Ben Dussault # Throwdown
Butch Norton # Eels
Caleb Crosby # Tyler Bryant & The Shakedown
Chad Butler # Switchfoot
Chris Hornbrook # Poison the Well
Craig Blundell # Steven Wilson
David Silveria # Korn
Dean Butterworth # Ben Harper, Good Charlotte
Ed Udhus # Zebrahead
Eloy Casagrande # Sepultura
Eric Stock # Stroke 9
Inferno # Behemoth
Jeremy Spencer # Five Finger Death Punch
Jerry O’Neill # Voodoo Glow Skulls
Joey Jordison # Slipknot
John Dolmayan # System of a Down
Jon Larsen # Volbeat
Leah Shapiro # Black Rebel Motorcycle Club
Matt Byrne # Hatebreed
Meg White # White Stripes
Michael Miley # Rival Sons
Oleg Pungin # Mumiy Troll
Patrick Carney # The Black Keys
Paul Bostaph # Slayer, Exodus, Testament
Randy Ebright # Molotov
Sam Fogarino # Interpol
Sergey Efimov # Kruiz
Tommy Aldridge # Whitesnake
VINTAGE PAISTE ARTIST PROFILE BOOKS